Articles, Blog

Soviet Squad Tactics in World War 2

October 16, 2019


Time to take a look a Soviet Infantry Squad
Tactics in the Second World War, now be warned the source situation is not the best, to put
it mildly. My main source is a translation of the “Combat
Instructions for the Infantry of the Red Army, Part I: Soldier, Squad, Platoon and Company”
from November 1942. Now, the problem with army regulations is
always that they were not necessarily followed. Also note that Squads generally don’t acted
alone but as part of a platoon or company. And speaking of Army Regulations, be sure
to check out our krautfunding campaign on a German Panzer Company Manual from 1941. We added shipping to Europe. So, since we got those flanks covered;
Let’s begin with the organization and the basic armament. Now in June 1941 when the Wehrmacht attacked
the Soviet Union, the Soviet Rifle Squad was quite different to the German one. It consisted of 12 men, namely:
1 Squad Leader 1 Assistant Squad Leader
1 Light Machine Gunner 1 Assistant Machine Gunner
1 Grenadier 1 Grenadier Assistant
1 Sniper, and 5 Riflemen
Whereas the German Squad consisted of only 10 men and in a far simpler organization,
as you can see no Grenadier nor Assistant and no sniper, but 1 more assistant to the
machine gunner the ammo carrier. Now, this might not seem a big deal at first,
but if you look at the weapons loadout, you can see that the Soviet Squad had 3 or even
4 different weapons, if one counts the sniper rifle as distinctive weapon. Sharp points out:
“The problem with this unit was that the lowest commander in the Red Army, the junior
sergeant squad leader, had to coordinate no less than four different weapon systems!” Already in July 1941 the squad was reorganized,
and the Grenadier was dropped, and his assistant converted into a regular rifleman. As such the Squad now had only 11 men. Now, according to Campbell, the organization
and equipment was quite different in 1941: “By 1941 the basic infantry unit was an
11-man squad, containing a squad leader, a two-man LMG team, two submachine-gunners and
six riflemen.” The issue is I am certain that Sharp speaks
Russian and he published quite a lot in terms of Soviet Tables of Organization and Equipment,
as such I assume his information is correct. Yet, it could be that Campbell is not wrong
neither, since the official Tables of Organization and Equipment could always differ from the
reality on the battlefield. As always, take everything with a grain of
salt. Finally,
“In late summer of 1942 the squad was reduced to 9 men, reflecting the fact that firepower
was becoming predominate over manpower at the front. The Rifle Regiment Shtat on 10 December 1942
(04/551), which remained in effect for most of the war authorized two different types
of rifle squad:” The Type A was basically like the German Squad
without the ammo carrier. As you can see. Whereas the Squad B packed a bit more firepower
by replacing 2 riflemen with 1 machine gunner and his assistant. Now, in terms of weaponry, everyone except
for the machine gunner and his assistant were equipped with a rifle, usually the Mosin Nagant
bolt action rifle, alternatively there were also the SVT-40 semi-automatic rifle. The machine gunner assistant was sometimes
equipped with a carbine version of the Mosin, which could not fit a bayonet, had shorter
range, but was also lighter. The machine gunner was equipped with a light
machine the DP-27 (also often called DP-28). It had a 47-round magazine on top, which earned
it the nickname “record player”. Now, let’s look at some basic principles
for the rifle man and squad. In General duties of the soldier it is noted:
“31. Every soldier must hate the enemy, maintain
military secrecy, be vigilant, unmask spies and saboteurs and relentlessly act against
traitors to the Motherland. Nothing – including the threat of death
– allows a soldier of the Red Army to surrender or in any way to give up a military secret.” (Sharp, Charles C.: Soviet Infantry Tactics
in World War II. George Nafziger: 1998, p. 12)
Now to put this in contrast, I could sadly not find a mention of surrender in German
Army Regulations so far, but the general tone is rather similar, although more refined. The German Army Regulation about the guiding
principles for the education and training of the infantry from August 1935 demanded
“[…] from the soldier unconditional commitment […] up to the sacrifice of one’s own life”
Now, let’s move to the squad: “55. The rifle squad is the smallest organization
of the infantry. It fights with fire, with the bayonet, with
hand grenades and fire bottles. The squad fights as part of the rifle platoon
or alone.” (Sharp, Charles C.: Soviet Infantry Tactics
in World War II. George Nafziger: 1998, p. 18)
Furthermore, “57. In every case the squad leader designates
in his squad an observer (of the enemy), a messenger, and an ammunition carrier.” (Sharp, Charles C.: Soviet Infantry Tactics
in World War II. George Nafziger: 1998, p. 18)
Now, some of you might notice that I previously mentioned that the German Squad had an ammunition
carrier and the Soviet did not, well, here is the main difference. In German Squad, the ammunition carrier was
the second assistant to the machine gunner, which was a permanent role. Whereas, in the Soviet Squad the Squad leader
could appoint any riflemen for the role. Let’s look at the basic formations, these
are almost equal to the German ones. Besides the obvious difference of being for
just 9 men not 10. The Squad Column looks as follows, the squad
leader is at the front, followed by the machine gunner and his assistant, which is followed
by the guide and 4 regular riflemen. The guide serves as orientation for changes
in formation. In contrast, in the German squad the squad
leader has no fixed position. This could also be the case with the Soviet
squad, but it is neither explicitly mentioned nor are the illustrations distinct in this
like in the German manual. Additionally, for the German squad the man
everyone uses for orientation is the Schütze 1, the machine gunner, he is also in the lead
position. Now, the deployment from Squad Column to centered
Skirmish line is as follows. This is pretty much the same way as the German
Squad. Similarly, there are also deploying into Skirmish
line to the right and left. If you want to know more about that check
out my video on German Squad Tactics. Let’s move to the instructions for a rifle
squad in the Attack. Like in German Squad Tactics the squad advances
along the principle of fire and movement: “63. The light machinegun changes position at the
direction of the squad leader; it moves first to the new position under the cover of the
fire of the rest of the squad and neighboring units and covers (by its fire) the dash of
the riflemen from the old position.” The dashes forward are dependent on the cover
provided by the terrain and the amount of enemy fire:
“The more open the terrain and the stronger the enemy’s fire, the faster and short the
dashes must be.” Dashes should occur suddenly and exploit any
reduction of enemy fire. “At the end of his dash the soldier falls
to the ground like a stone, crawls unnoticed to the side and then takes up a firing position.” Now, in case the advance is suppressed by
enemy fire. The squad should suppress the enemy, where
the machine gun should engage at a maximum range of 800 m, the most accurate riflemen
at 600 m and regular riflemen at 400 m. Now, the instructions on what to do under
artillery fire is rather interesting: “72. If the squad comes under enemy artillery or
mortar fire, they infiltrate (literally: “seep”) to the front of the bombardment, without diverging
from the designated direction of advance.” This is in sharp contrast to the German instructions:
“298. The squad bypasses enemy artillery fire to
the extent permitted by the order. If this is not possible, the squad rushes
through the artillery fire during a pause. The squad goes to the ground itself if artillery
projectiles strike nearby, or if the muzzle flash, muzzle blast, or projectile noise indicate
nearby impacts. Advancing shall continue as soon as the effect
of the impacting projectiles is over.” Back to the Soviets, following the successful
advance of the squad, the assault start position will be reached, which should be as close
as possible to the enemy. “After arriving at the Assault Start Position
ordered by the platoon leader the squad leader is responsible for all soldiers knowing the
attack time and their fire missions and the terrain objective for the attack and the ammunition
resupply available.” The platoon leader orders the squad leader,
he gives the command: “Prepare for Assault!” Thus, soldiers load their weapons and prepare
their hand grenades, once again the Platoon leader will order, and the squad leader will
order: “To the Assault – March!” (Russian: Na Shturm, Marshch!):
“The squad moves forward quickly and without halting; they fire on the move and without
bunching up and by firing suddenly at close range suffer no losses[sic!].” Note, this is before the famous “hurrah”. “ At 40 to 50 meters distance from the enemy
the squad breaks into determined battle cry and storms the enemy position and destroys
the enemy with hand grenades, with fire from (point blank) range, with the bayonet and
rifle butts. The light machine gun attacks together with
the squad and fires on the move.” Now this is followed by further instructions
on exploiting weak enemy positions and breakthroughs. Additionally, notes on how to clear trenches
and be ready to defend against enemy counterattacks. Yet, there is no word of caution like in the
German manual: “309. The moment of weakness after the penetration
requires special caution and energy from the squad leader. The first thing to do is to assert what has
been won. The squad that got mixed up during the penetration
has to be immediately pulled apart and restructured by the squad leader.” In contrast the main paragraph about counterattacks
in the Soviet Manual is as follows: “83. The squad repulses enemy counterattacks with
fire and a determined, bold attack in platoon strength. If the enemy counterattacks with tanks, the
squad must fight the tanks with fire, hand grenades and fire bottles and the infantry
following the tanks with rifle and machine gun fire. If the counterattack is against a neighboring
unit, the squad leader is responsible to go to their aid with fire and a determined attack.” Now, let’s look at the instructions for
the Rifle Squad on the Defense. “88. On the defense the rifle squad holds a defense
position about 40 to 50 meter wide as part of the rifle platoon. The squad will be assigned direction reference
points, observation and combat sectors as well as additional boundaries for coordination
with the neighboring units. The squad defends its positions tenaciously.” Once the squad leader has received his orders,
he arranges for a proper defense, by establishing liaison with neighboring units and the platoon
leader, setting up observation points, scouting the terrain, explaining the order to his soldier
and making sure line of sight and fire are properly cleared. And of course, that the unit is well dug in. “91. As long as the squad is not firing, all soldiers
except the observer will remain under cover. At the order of the squad leader all soldiers
occupy positions from which through the communications trench or covered routes hidden from enemy
observation they can advance in column or simultaneously.” Similar, to the attack instructions the ranges
are given at 800 m for the machine gun to open fire, 600 m for good marksmen and 400
for regular riflemen. Yet, Sharp added a note:
“Here is one point upon which actual Soviet practice was distinctly different from that
prescribed by the regulation. Far from opening fire at 400 to 800 meters,
numerous German accounts relate that Soviet infantry would wait until the Germans got
within 100 meters or even 50 meters or less, and then suddenly open fire from camouflaged
positions […].” I have German Directions from March 1942 for
the Infantry based on the experiences on the Eastern front that confirms that the Soviets
were masters in camouflage, yet there is no mention on the range units usually open fire. Now, in case tanks are detected, these have
to be reported immediately to the platoon leader or any anti-tank units nearby. Furthermore,
“97. In an enemy attack with tanks specific soldiers
are responsible for fighting tanks. The rest of the soldiers conceal themselves
in trenches and bring the infantry following or riding on the tanks under fire when the
tanks approach the trenches. If the tanks go past, the squad must attack
the following infantry and destroy them with all means.” This is rather similar to tactics to that
of the Russian Civil War, as noted in this video on my second channel. Additionally, there are also instructions
on retreat: “102. The squad retreats only on the order of the
platoon leader, going from cover to cover hidden from the enemy. They must break off contact suddenly during
a reduction of the enemy fire or by exploiting our own artillery, mortar, or heavy machinegun
fires, a friendly air attack or smoke screen.” Note how the withdrawal was very similar to
the advance: “The rifleman start a withdrawal under the
cover of fire from the light machinegun and yield each piece of terrain individually or
all together. The light machinegun withdraws at the last
under the covering fire of the riflemen. The squad only withdraws simultaneously if
they are covered by fire from another part of the position or by a smokescreen, fog,
or darkness. The squad leader moves together with the light
machinegun as the last to withdraw.” Now, instead of a Conclusion, I will make
a final comparison to the German manual. In this case, we look at the structure of
both manuals. In the Soviet Manual, the part about the Rifle
Squad consists of: [WALL OF TEXT] Whereas in the German Manual the part of the
Squad has the following structure: [WALL OF TEXT] As you can see both manuals are structured
very differently. The Soviet Manual focuses on specific tasks,
whereas the German one is more focused along a linear process, e.g., defense is not mentioned
directly only as part of holding a position that was taken. Similarly, the march is rather early in the
German manual, whereas it is only the fifth of seven points in the Soviet manual. Additionally, the part about the German Squad
has 3 levels of subdivision whereas the Soviet has only 1 level. Gordon Rottman notes about the Soviet Manual:
“Small-unit movement and battle formations, and the layout of defensive positions were
simply described and kept to a minimum of variants that were relatively easy for inexperienced
soldiers and commanders to visualize and comprehend.” Now, in case you like WW2 manuals, Bismarck
and I have translated a German Army Regulation about the Medium Tank Company from May 1941,
which builds upon the experience of the successful campaigns in Poland, the Low Countries and
France. It encompasses topics such as tank crew specialization,
training, formations, how to engage enemy positions and tanks. It is not a mere translation; it also comes
with the German original text on one page and the English one on the other. Additionally, we added notes on terminology,
translation decisions, a glossary and several other supplements as well. If you are interested check out our indiegogo
campaign. Thank you to all my supporters, especially
Andrew for checking the script. And to Peter from tankarchives for helping
out with some symbols. Note that any errors are still my own. If you like what I do, consider supporting
me. Sources are in the description, thank you
for watching and see you next time.

83 Comments

  • Reply Military History Visualized October 7, 2019 at 3:54 pm

    Interested in German Panzer Company Manual from 1941? You can pledge here: https://igg.me/at/hdv

    The H.Dv. 470/7 – Die mittlere Panzerkompanie from May 1941 is a key Army regulation for the German Panzer force following the successful campaigns in Poland, the Low Countries and France. It encompasses topics such as tank crew specialization, training, formations, how to engage enemy positions and tanks, as well as a complete breakdown of the tank company’s force strength.

  • Reply jurisprudens October 12, 2019 at 11:31 am

    Thank You!
    11:32 – My guess, the German soldiers might have the specially prepared ambushes in mind. The company/battallion level manual prescribed (and still prescribes) to create fire ambushes in camouflaged positions during the defense. I don't think it was possible to camouflage the main defensive position.

  • Reply John Syzlack October 15, 2019 at 5:02 pm

    "You have an anti tank rifle. That, over there, is a tank! FIGURE IT OUT!"

  • Reply TheHoly Hay October 15, 2019 at 5:03 pm

    Soviet tactics during ww2 are very complex and interesting, so let me explain :

    – Run at the Enemy, they can’t stop us all

  • Reply Random Person in the comments October 15, 2019 at 5:05 pm

    I love your small group tactics the most ! Absolutely amazing !

  • Reply [TWICE] Da - Hyun October 15, 2019 at 5:06 pm

    no all unit not rush?

  • Reply Priyank sonwani October 15, 2019 at 5:06 pm

    "Eco round , Rush b"

  • Reply SandRhoman October 15, 2019 at 5:07 pm

    Hey, dear neighbour to the east, your content consistently provides good quality sources which, generally, is something that could be better on YT. Many fellow YouTubers could learn a bit or two from you in this regards.
    The way you handle the sources is something that inspired me to start showing more quotations on screen, which at first seems odd, but it grew on me with time. It also allows for further animations which is kinda nice.
    Servus, my Austrian friend, keep it coming.

  • Reply GenghisVern October 15, 2019 at 5:08 pm

    unfamiliar with "c" and "h" icon designations?

  • Reply Nicholas Walsh October 15, 2019 at 5:13 pm

    Wait…the Soviets had squad tactics that weren't "Run at the enemy until we eventually get there"?

  • Reply Федя Крюков October 15, 2019 at 5:15 pm

    Never encountered a pre-war soviet squad TOE with a sniper (well, any TOE before the creation of SVD, actually). Pretty sure it is wrong. The one with two SMG gunners is correct.

  • Reply Alex Beau October 15, 2019 at 5:16 pm

    чет название мне напомнило сразу другое видео
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Add13FKXhLg
    )))

    которое я не смотрел

  • Reply Spare 15 October 15, 2019 at 5:17 pm

    Soviet Tactics in a nutshell: "Throw enough people at the bullets, eventually they will run out of bullets"

  • Reply typxxilps October 15, 2019 at 5:26 pm

    Did you miss to mention the political representative?

    Imagine all these soldiers alone without Stalin's ear?

  • Reply Rappor October 15, 2019 at 5:26 pm

    Step 1: Make 50 40-width Infantry divisions
    Step 2: Right click on Berlin
    Step 3: Observe

  • Reply Jayc Ider October 15, 2019 at 5:29 pm

    Audio volume clipped

  • Reply Zachary Sohn October 15, 2019 at 5:29 pm

    lots of 'rush' memes here in the comments, but this looks like pretty standard, if simplified and adapted small unit tactics. I think a lot of you fail to recognize the record of close in fighting and is morale effect, especially before common issue of self loading rifles and modern logistical supply.
    considering the Soviet material and personnel situation i think the biggest takeaway from this is that a realistic approach is one that takes note of the standards doctrine of the time and adapts it to a realistic assessment of ones own capabilities as well as an evolving sense of the opponents capabilities and behavior.
    rifles are often not the chosen weapon of the assault, pretty recent US army doctrine privileged grenades in the assault, though that may have changed.

  • Reply Air Pods October 15, 2019 at 5:30 pm

    No dislikes 😎

  • Reply Legitpenguins69 October 15, 2019 at 5:30 pm

    What about late war tactics? The end of the war saw MASSIVE use in soviet submachine guns with almost entire sqauds being armed with them

  • Reply AKlover October 15, 2019 at 5:32 pm

    Real soviet tactics = Keep throwing man shaped meat into meat grinder until meat grinder breaks

  • Reply Alexs220 October 15, 2019 at 5:34 pm

    3:27 I didnt know that a pledge to die if neccesary is something unusual in western armies. It was removed from russian pledge only in 1998.

  • Reply onur97able October 15, 2019 at 5:37 pm

    Rush the mg until they have no bullets soviets in a nutshell

  • Reply QuinntheSpin October 15, 2019 at 5:37 pm

    Just run full speed at the enemy

  • Reply Kenneth Besig October 15, 2019 at 5:40 pm

    The Soviet Union had only one incompetent leader, Josef Stalin, who personally massacred his own people and his own army. Stalin did more to cause Soviet casualties than any other individual or group. Stalin murdered qualified and professional senior officers and replaced them with his sycophant drinking buddies, none of them knew anything about modern warfare and thus caused the annihilation of millions of good, hard fighting, and loyal Soviet fighters.

  • Reply We say no to pay to win October 15, 2019 at 5:44 pm

    Can you do the British army next please

  • Reply TheFlyingNacho October 15, 2019 at 5:44 pm

    i think you mean

    run

  • Reply str34mln3r October 15, 2019 at 5:51 pm

    What the book doesn't tell you is that the most common squad tactic of Russians is to rush B.

  • Reply James Lopez October 15, 2019 at 5:51 pm

    You mean the typical russian tactic wasnt to headlong charge without arms or ammo??!!

  • Reply GeFlixes October 15, 2019 at 5:53 pm

    13:35 The German manual looks like a text book – going into theory first – , the Soviet manual like a self-help book – with direct instruction to do your stuff – from the TOC.

  • Reply Andy Gonzalez October 15, 2019 at 5:59 pm

    Simple fact is this: On June 22 1941 Hitler unleashed a force composed by 3 million German soldier aided and joined by another million soldiers from Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and many other countries owned by Germany at that time, 4 plus million men assembled into 19 panzer divisions, they had 3,000 tanks, 2,500 aircraft, and 7,000 artillery pieces and thousands horses. That was what the Soviets faced and destroyed fight after fight till they ended up in the very German capital Berlin. No other country in this world including USA would have the balls and courage to stand firm and fight such gigantic German attacking forces, USA would go on its knees and suck Germans dicks!….

  • Reply Chris Britt October 15, 2019 at 6:16 pm

    I was looking at the manual I'm very interested in it but I have no eBook reader if you had the ability to buy us without that ebook I'd be very happy to have it I don't feel like spending the extra money to get something I want him to be able to use

  • Reply rayan kaghasi October 15, 2019 at 6:16 pm

    aha … SO THEY HAVE SOM TACTICS … mmm intresting …,

  • Reply Atsu Amewolo October 15, 2019 at 6:20 pm

    More of this

  • Reply Nilk October 15, 2019 at 6:29 pm

    SOVIET tactics of ww2

    ОБВИНЕНИЕ!

  • Reply emme1925 October 15, 2019 at 6:30 pm

    We all know that Soviets had not invented the word ”tactic” in 1940

  • Reply Dutch Bandits October 15, 2019 at 6:31 pm

    Attack: HURRA!
    Retreat: BLYAT!

  • Reply Arthur Morgan October 15, 2019 at 6:38 pm

    Alexa, play the National Anthem of the USSR!

  • Reply Alex Beau October 15, 2019 at 6:40 pm

    -AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA!
    this is the warface now show me your warface !
    – УРААААААААААААААААААА!
    УРАААААААААААААААААААААААААА!

  • Reply CreatorUser October 15, 2019 at 6:53 pm

    What about those units that were armed entirely with submachine guns?

  • Reply huma474 October 15, 2019 at 7:03 pm

    Are you planning to work on an updated US Squad tactics video ? the old one seems really short compared to these newer ones that you've created and I would love to see an updated video. (you should see if you can get Hell Let Loose to sponsor the video for you 🙂 )

  • Reply Fire Power701 October 15, 2019 at 7:10 pm

    You must hate your comrades more than the enemy.

  • Reply Maekar I Targaryen October 15, 2019 at 7:11 pm

    I love how they are instructed to break into "determined battlecry", (@8:30) I could see a Soviet non-com chewing out a soldier, "your battlecry is not determined enough!". As always, the video was top notch!

  • Reply Sebastian Sandhu October 15, 2019 at 7:12 pm

    As an infantryman I do appreciate that you took the time to note that we are told to fight to the death at every opportunity lol

  • Reply Fire Power701 October 15, 2019 at 7:15 pm

    If you got arms. You're more than qualified.

  • Reply The Big One October 15, 2019 at 7:15 pm

    This is all well and good but could the average Soviet soldier read? Or was this read to him? Or was it used as a training manual for instructors only? Guess I’m a bit confused!

  • Reply RB79BALL October 15, 2019 at 7:28 pm

    Looking forward to see the American, British and Japanese version. Then, bond them together with a concluding video on some typical outcome of a firefight

  • Reply Sidney Stern October 15, 2019 at 7:52 pm

    People are rather dismissive of SVT-40s. It’s a perfectly serviceable DMR, mine weighs much less than, has less recoil than, is as accurate as my M1A or Garand.

  • Reply Beer Box October 15, 2019 at 8:28 pm

    0:33 the subtitles say "krautfunding"… Or so it meant to be?

  • Reply Thijs van Veen October 15, 2019 at 8:36 pm

    To my knowlege the Soviet army used the largest amount of Sub Machine Guns of any army in WW2. Where do these fit in to the squad? Or is the name rifle squad more literal then i thought?

  • Reply Bear Mare October 15, 2019 at 8:45 pm

    Could it be that one of the reasons the Germans lost (among the many, many reasons) was because they over-engineered everything? A German infantry squad has three layers of control, along with individual members with specific roles and specialized skillsets…sounds like a great place to hear someone say, "That's not my job". Soviet squads seemed more chaotic, but there was greater opportunity for cross-training of skillsets. Chances are the if the guy who looked after the ammo got killed, another person could get the job by appointment or succession. It's in the interests of everyone that everyone have some idea how to look after the ammo. What happens in the German squad? You have to wait for someone to be designated and trained for a task they succeeded into?

  • Reply saneshaneschannel aussiesToday October 15, 2019 at 8:55 pm

    And of they try to retreat they get shit by commisars.
    They didn't really have complete squads set up like this with every different gun and manouvers that aren't charging forward blindly.
    Meh

  • Reply M.Streicher October 15, 2019 at 9:00 pm

    "Which earned it it's nickname…"

    me; Yes yes say it please!

    "Record player"

    🙁

  • Reply theZeroAlchemist October 15, 2019 at 9:05 pm

    The Germans were masters of tactics, but faltered at an strategical level. The opposite can be said about the Soviets.

  • Reply Viking Teddy October 15, 2019 at 9:14 pm

    The soviet doctrine seems more apt for a turn based tactical game for a micromanager than for an actual squad leader who had to deal with real people.

  • Reply Alexander Seven October 15, 2019 at 9:45 pm

    3:25 там вообще все было очень серьезно:
    Я, гражданин Союза Советских Социалистических Республик, вступая в ряды Рабоче-Крестьянской Красной Армии, принимаю присягу и торжественно клянусь быть честным, храбрым, дисциплинированным, бдительным бойцом, строго хранить военную и государственную тайну, беспрекословно выполнять все воинские уставы и приказы командиров и начальников.

    Я клянусь добросовестно изучать военное дело, всемерно беречь военное и народное имущество и до последнего дыхания быть преданным своему народу, своей Советской Родине и Рабоче-Крестьянскому Правительству.

    Я всегда готов по приказу Рабоче-Крестьянского Правительства выступить на защиту моей Родины — Союза Советских Социалистических Республик и, как воин Рабоче-Крестьянской Красной Армии, я клянусь защищать ее мужественно, умело, с достоинством и честью, не щадя своей крови и самой жизни для достижения полной победы над врагами.

    Если же по злому умыслу я нарушу эту мою торжественную присягу, то пусть меня постигнет суровая кара советского закона, всеобщая ненависть и презрение трудящихся.

  • Reply b. griffin October 15, 2019 at 9:50 pm

    will a platoon and company tactics video follow?

  • Reply Andras Libal October 15, 2019 at 9:55 pm

    How did the submachine guns and mortars affect infantry squads? Who carried and employed them?

  • Reply b. griffin October 15, 2019 at 9:58 pm

    8:22 russian seems based on german. hmmm.

  • Reply Duke Exeter October 15, 2019 at 9:59 pm

    Finally! Glad to see some love for the Soviets and their organizations and tactics. Hope there is a lot more content to come

  • Reply 神風Kamikaze 神風 October 15, 2019 at 10:01 pm

    Ivan you see that MG over there?
    da tovarish should we call a motarstrike??
    no you and your squad are going to run into it till it has no more ammo so we can rush it

  • Reply mowen0yuriko October 15, 2019 at 10:22 pm

    Great video as always!

  • Reply drakandriel October 15, 2019 at 10:38 pm

    Basically its the same as Call of Duty; the Russians have their own load outs from a set of 5 to choose from depending on the situation

  • Reply Ras Putin October 15, 2019 at 10:52 pm

    Soviet snipers made a lot of difference!

  • Reply Papercut October 15, 2019 at 11:05 pm

    What about Soviet Squad tactics later in the war involving submachine gunners and assault groups?

    The Soviets had the highest amount of automatic weapons deployed in the entire war and even outfitted entire companies with SMGs. There must have been different tactics employed.

  • Reply Bee H. October 15, 2019 at 11:07 pm

    good ol' Dinner Plate 28

  • Reply Roberto varona October 15, 2019 at 11:25 pm

    "Time to take a look at " BEST INTRO EVER ♥

  • Reply Munrais October 15, 2019 at 11:29 pm

    Barbarossa: The gift that keeps on giving.

  • Reply Christopher Godawski October 16, 2019 at 12:09 am

    Krautfunding !? https://youtu.be/hfZXlpJkDJg?t=30

  • Reply Uncle Timo October 16, 2019 at 2:35 am

    This video is a LIE
    Thanks to hollyweird movies, I KNOW that sovyet soldiers had no rifles, if they had rifles they had no ammo, and they attacked german machine guns with communist red sovyet flags!
    Obviously, sovyets had no tactics, unlike brave muricans, who massacred entire battallions with their one tank……

  • Reply Олег Козлов October 16, 2019 at 2:44 am

    "… by firing suddenly at close range suffer no losses"

    Works only if you believe in communism hard enough

  • Reply Thomas Zhang October 16, 2019 at 3:31 am

    Hans, get ze… no, Ivan, fight sober.

  • Reply demomanchaos October 16, 2019 at 3:52 am

    I'd love to see further reviews on the other major powers to see how everyone compared.

    Excellent work good sire.

  • Reply Jinseual October 16, 2019 at 4:48 am

    What does the machine gun assistant do? What does he assist with?

  • Reply verdatum October 16, 2019 at 6:07 am

    Thank you for citing your sources. I appreciate that.

  • Reply Xuan Vinh To October 16, 2019 at 6:09 am

    One of the rather frustration thing about looking at units below regiment level organisation is that few publication details it that far down. Glantz's and others usually stop at rifle division level and it details how many anti-tank guns, howitzers and mortars at what caliber more often. In the grand scheme of things, those are what matters more than how many rifles or SMGs. The organisation and equipment in this video seemingly betrayed the fact that the Soviet Union made millions of SMGs.

    A couple of possibilities:
    – A few lines of rifle battalion and regiment organisation showed that they have separate SMG companies.
    – Tankodesantniki: tank desant/tank rider/mechanised infantry are often referred to as submachine gun companies as well. It seems that the tanks can shoot at thing at long range with its weapons and the accompanying infantry need approximately SMGs to deal with close-in threats.

    Another variation is very often, in Soviet Order of Battle, a Fortified Region is included but often ignored in subsequent analysis. Fortified Regions are Corps-level formation that has 3 machinegun artillery Regiment plus anti-tank, AA, tank regiments, and other support battalions. These units are low-mobility but high fire power formations in economy-of-force roles. On the offensive, they occupy the same frontage as about 6 Rifle Divisions on the penetration sector. Their role is to guard the flanks and generate a lot of noise and fire without using a lot of manpower (maskirovka: generate phantom formations and hide the real concentration) . Think a typical infantry squad/platoon but with riflemen swapped out for crew-weapons crews and their associated machineguns. (source: "Fortified Regions: What is the OperationalSignificance of the Employment of FortifiedRegions for NATO and the United States?", AD-A234 373, Lieutenant Colonel Dennis K. Hill, SAMS thesis, USA CGSC)

    The latter adaptation is not uncommon. During the latter half of the Korean war where it was mostly static defensive and limited infiltration/raid battles, each Allied defending infantry formation received more machine guns allotments.

  • Reply Nikolay Perepelitsa October 16, 2019 at 6:26 am

    At first, seeing a lot of comments like "Enemy at the gates is not accurate?!" – I thouht it was just sarcasm. But now i'm worried that people are total seriuos

  • Reply Amitabha Kusari October 16, 2019 at 6:27 am

    I recall Ian from Forgotten weapons saying that most standard issue bolt actions were useless at 300m, whereas their ideal range, would be about 100m or shorter. It seems like the Soviet soldiers opened fire at ranges they could actually hit a man sized target.

  • Reply Nyan Na Aung October 16, 2019 at 6:30 am

    Hmm I thought it was just throwing enough bodies at the enemy's bullets.

  • Reply Mario October 16, 2019 at 7:17 am

    Why was the dp-27 called the dp-28 sometimes?

  • Reply Podemos URSS October 16, 2019 at 7:51 am

    1:06 Grenadier and grenadier assistant would be the two SMGs, I guess. I didn't know that exact regulation, but it's close to the one I knew about.

    Also, the Soviet used the DP LMG by this point, so only one machinegunner and one ammo carrier would be needed. I assume that the "assistant machinegunner" for the Soviets is actually the ammo carrier, since no other role is needed.

  • Reply Podemos URSS October 16, 2019 at 7:55 am

    3:00 Due to being specially difficult to produce, the SVT-40 was only available in limited numbers, and thus was issued only to units like paratroopers, mechanised infantry and the like.

  • Reply Podemos URSS October 16, 2019 at 7:56 am

    3:07 That is the MN-1938 Carbine.

  • Reply Rsk October 16, 2019 at 8:24 am

    Finns have a lot of reports on how the Soviet squads actually functioned on the field – at least when against the Finns. Issue obvously is that they are all in Finnish, so they have not really been used in research.

    The most curious thing is that the Finns considered Soviet troops pretty good soldiers, but with limited initiative if the leadership was affected. Hence, a Soviet unit could perform great attacks and combat movements, but casualties among leaders would fast lead to lack of initiative and decisive losses for the units.

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